1)

A conducting wire has length L1 and diameter d1. After stretching the same wire length becomes L2 and diameter d2 . The ratio  of resistances before and after stretching is

A) $d_2^4:d_1^4$

B) $d_1^4:d_2^4$

C) $d_2^2:d_1^2$

D) $d_1^2:d_2^2$

Option A

### Explanation:

Resistance of wire is given by R= $\rho\frac{l}{A}$

where, l is the length of conductor and A is the cross-sectional area.According to the question,

$R_{1}=\rho\frac{l_{1}}{A_{1}}$  ............(i)

in the second condition,

$R_{2}=\rho\frac{l_{2}}{A_{2}}$  ............(ii)

On dividing  Eq.(i) by Eq.(ii) , we get

$\frac{R_{1}}{R_{2}}=\frac{l_{1}}{A_{1}}\times\frac{A_{2}}{l_{2}}$

$\frac{R_{1}}{R_{2}}=\frac{A_{2}}{A_{1}}\times\frac{l_{1}}{l_{2}}$

$\frac{R_{1}}{R_{2}}=\frac{\pi(\frac{d_{2}}{2})^{2}}{\pi(\frac{d_{1}}{2})^{2}}\times\frac{l_{1}}{l_{2}}$

$\frac{R_{1}}{R_{2}}=\frac{({d_{2}})^{2}}{({d_{1}})^{2}}\times\frac{l_{1}}{l_{2}}$............(iii)

Volume of wire  remains constant, Hence , V1 = V2

A1l1 = A2l2

$\Rightarrow$   $\pi \left(\frac{d_{1}}{2}\right)^{2}l_{1}=\pi \left(\frac{d_{2}}{2}\right)^{2}l_{2}$

$\Rightarrow$   $\frac{\pi d_{1}}{4}^{2}l_{1}=\frac{\pi d_{2}}{4}^{2}l_{2}$

$\frac{l_{1}}{l_{2}}=\frac{(d_{2})^{2}}{(d_{1})^{2}}$    ...............(iv)

Substituting the value of Eq.(iv) in Eq.(iii) , we get

$\frac{R_{1}}{R_{2}}=\frac{(d_{2})^{2}}{(d_{1})^{2}}\times\frac{(d_{2})^{2}}{(d_{1})^{2}}$

$\frac{R_{1}}{R_{2}}=\frac{(d_{2})^{4}}{(d_{1})^{4}}$