Questions on Analytical Reasoning are very common in various entrance exams.Typically, you are given some data which you should analyse and then answer the questions given.TIn some cases, the data given will not allow us to fix the entire arrangement whereas in some cases, the entire arrangement can be finalised on the basis of data given.In some sets of questions on Analytical Reasoning, there will also be data given in the questions.
While solving questions on Analytical Reasoning,you should keep the following points in mind.
Read the data/directions/conditions carefully.Your analysis of the data should be done AFTER you read and understand the entire data.When you read a statement/condition,please look for all the possible interpretations.
As soon as you read a statement, note the data/information given in that statement in short form in your own words.Restrict your analysis only to the data given in the test- no assumptions should be made on the basis of your knowledge of other things.
List of various types of questions in Analytical Reasoning are given below and in the subsequent pages,each of these types is explained with the help of examples.
1.Linear sequencing : Linear sequencing is essentially arranging the items given in a sequence (in a single line).
2.Selection: In this category of questions , a small group of items or persons has to be selected from a larger group satisfying the given conditions.The conditions will specify as to when a particular item or person can be included or cannot be included in the subgroup.
3.Circular Arrangement: Arrangements of things in a circular manner.The data given in such sets of questions specify the positions of some or all of the individuals in the arrangement .The positions are specified through conditions involving specified persons sitting opposite each other or a particular person sitting to the right or left of another person.
4.Order sequence : the term “order sequence” is self-explanatory.In questions in this category, you will be asked to deal with relative positions of the subjects.The absolute values of the subjects is not what you should be interested in.It is comparison between different subjects that you have to deal with.
5.Routes/Networks : Routes/Networks involve different points or locations between which there is some movement or communication.The way the movement or communication is effected is described in the data/conditions.Sometimes, these are also referred to as”maps” because the routes given resemble a map.
6.Double Line Up/Distribution : In this type of problems , you have to match two or more “variables”.(Variables means a subject as used in the discussion of linear arrangement .In double line-up, the data given may talk of four people living in four houses each of different color.
7.Blood Relations : There are two types of question based on blood relations.In type I questions, the relationship between two people is given through a roundabout way of relating them through other people.In second type, there is no person involved in making a statement.